Anorexia Nervosa: what is it?

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MR was a 14-year-old Muslim Kurdish teenager from Sulimania in Iraq’s northeast. His parents were from a well-educated middle-class household with good relationships and decent health. On July 18, 2010, his mother took him to the hospital because he refused to eat, resulting in serious weight loss and overall weakness. His problem started seven months ago, when his buddies ridiculed him about his weight gain and insatiable eating. As a result, he began limiting his food consumption, avoiding high-calorie items, and engaging in regular vigorous exercise. His parents attempted to get him to eat more regularly, but he refused. He was concerned with his body form and took regular measurements of his waist and thigh circumferences. His food consumption dropped, and his regular meal consisted of little more than a cup of yogurt and cucumber slices. He had been experiencing terrible exhaustion, headaches, joint pains, and epigastric discomfort followed by vomiting for a few weeks before his hospital admission. He was given multivitamins, anti-emetics, and antispasmodics by the local doctor, but he did not recover.

Anorexia Nervosa, it is a type of eating disorder that results in the patient’s deformed body, abnormally low weight and extreme panic of weight gain. This problem is usually caused by being overly emotional. They think that if they can lose weight and become lean, there will be no end to the joy in their lives. That is why they eat very little food, sometimes do not eat at all and in some cases, stop eating. Even when they have food, they eat very little with great guilt. Over time this control becomes like an addiction. With age and height, their weight is less than normal. Their faces are slowly breaking down but they still they may think they are not fit enough.

Weight reduction as a consequence of intentionally reduced calorie intake, strong fear of obesity, obsession with body image, and amenorrhoea – are all signs of Anorexia Nervosa.  It can cause major medical and psychological issues, such as osteoporosis, cardiac difficulties, infertility, anemia, depression, and deaths, if left untreated.

Anorexia is not a lifestyle. It is a serious illness caused by suffering from an inferiority complex. However, it is possible to get back to good health with some treatment.

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