Part 2/4: What is Bipolar Mood Disorder
Bipolar mood disorder – The name implies that it is a “mood” or mood disorder. Bipolar means “bi-marginal”. Let me make it a little easier. Suppose our emotions are a straight line. Just as a straight line has two ends or poles, emotion also has two ends. At one end there is immense merriment or joy, at the other end there is severe sadness or depression.
Those of us who are mentally healthy can assume that our minds are in the middle of this straight line. But those who suffer from bipolar mood disorder have a state of mind at either end, not in the middle. That is why in most cases they are either in a state of ecstasy, or in a state of extreme depression. In some cases, however, there is a different kind of mood, that is, the terrible annoyance, anger or restlessness that I had in this patient.
Bipolar disorder is an episodic disease
Bipolar mood disorder is an episodic disease. Patients with this disease can have an average of about 10 episodes throughout their lives. Between the two episodes, the patient is completely healthy. The patient’s symptoms may be different in different episodes. In that case, the episodes are divided into two parts:
- Manic episodes
- Depressive episodes.
In manic episodes the patient feels abnormal merriment or extreme annoyance. There will be various symptoms related to mood. On the other hand, in depressive episodes, the patient’s mind will be depressed and its associated symptoms. It is said that bipolar disorder often begins with depressive episodes.
However, depression is not very important to the people of our country. When any of our family member suffers from depression, the other members of the family think they are “a little upset.” As a result, this first episode of Bipolar Mood Disorder often goes unnoticed. The issue comes to the fore only when the patient’s manic episode comes up, when the patient’s excessive fun, annoyance or aggressive behavior goes into unbearable levels, then the family members may bring him to the doctor for the first time.
Who has Bipolar Mood Disorder?
Studies have shown that 1 out of every 100 people can get this disease. The disease is most prevalent in the age group of 18-21 years. Gender rates are the same in both sexes.
Why is Bipolar Mood Disorder?
Like other mental illnesses, no specific cause has been found for this disease. Different chemicals that control the brain’s emotions vary in this disease, but no definite reason has been found as to why this difference occurs. However, research has revealed some “risk factors” that increase the risk of developing the disease. Among these, hereditary history, any negative events that cause stress in life are important.