Dr. Hosne Ara
We pass about one-third of our lives by sleeping. When you hear the word sleep, you feel somewhat relaxed subconsciously, some even start getting sleepy. Again some people face a lot of troubles regarding sleep. Sleep is very important, but many times we do not pay much attention to sleep issues. Lack of enough sleep is a big issue, health, and safety – both become a risk. Reduced quantity of sleep is alarming. Its impact on daily life is a lot.
Researchers have found that sleep deprivation or sleep disturbances are more likely to lead to car accidents, relationship difficulties, poor performance at work, memory impairment, and low mood.
It is also said that sleep disturbance can lead to heart disease, obesity, and diabetes. So we should have the right idea about sleep and sleep disorders.
The first thing that comes to mind when we talk about sleep disorders is insomnia. The Latin word ‘somnas‘ means sleep. And ‘in‘ means no or absence, together which is called insomnia. Insomnia means the complete absence of sleep. But it is not possible to survive without sleeping completely. Therefore, insomnia actually means, when we don’t get enough sleep. There are probably very few people in the world who have never experienced insomnia. Sometimes we face difficulty in falling asleep one night, but that is not considered as insomnia. If this problem continues night after night, then it is called insomnia. Although it is said that sleep is the equivalent of death, sleep is the key to a healthy life. If you want to live, you have to sleep. Sleep gives your brain and body a full rest, which allows you to stay active. Only those who have problems with sleep, especially insomnia, can understand the value of sleep.
Insomnia can be of different types such as: not falling asleep at all, frequent awakening after falling asleep, difficulty in falling asleep once after awakening, not having a sound sleep, etc.
Insomnia is mainly due to heredity or various physical and mental causes. Does sleep problems just mean insomnia? Not at all, instead, there are some more serious problems than sleep deprivation that many are not aware of. Those who have insomnia can at least realize their problem. But there are so many sleep problems that many sufferers are unaware of. Now we will know about some of these problems.
This is a rare disorder, mostly seen in children, and to some children, this persists even in their adult life. In most cases, the problem of sleepwalking occurs one to two hours after falling asleep, which lasts for a few minutes. People who have such a disorder can really wake up in their sleep and walk, or they can do various activities even in their sleep. People who walk in their sleep have their eyes open while walking, but their faces are expressionless, they do not respond to any question, and when they wake up they do not remember what they have done. Because they are not awake, he has just opened his eyes but his brain is in a state of sleep. What he is doing, what he is saying, where he is going are all unknown to him. In most patients, there is a family history of sleepwalking.
This problem is not very common. The patients of this disorder need daytime sleeping even after sleeping the whole night. Although this daytime sleep can range from a few seconds to a few minutes, patients do not understand the difference between sleep and wakefulness. There may also be other symptoms such as: waking up and having trouble moving, many people lose control of their muscles due to intense emotion. People having restless leg syndrome can have this disorder. This problem is more common in women, often accompanied by nightmares. Sudden nightmare is not a bad thing, but frequent nightmares are a matter of concern. Nightmares can cause fear, panic, or anxiety. People remember these nightmares after waking up suddenly and do not want to sleep anymore.
Night Terror or Sleep Terror:
In case of a night terror, the victim suddenly wakes up in a state of panic. Wakes up confused and can’t say anything. They do not wake up completely and do not respond to any talk. A night terror can usually last 10-15 minutes, after that the person usually falls asleep. People with night terrors usually wake up the next day and can’t remember what happened at night. It occurs mostly in children aged 3-6 years. Children with night terrors often walk or talk in their sleep. It can happen to adults as well.
When sleep paralysis occurs, the affected person’s muscles become completely weak, making it impossible for the body to move for a while. As a result, people become completely numb during their sleep or at the moment of awakening – mentally awake but physically numb. At this time the person experiences terrible hallucinations. This is accompanied by shortness of breath, slowing of heartbeat, the presence of enemies or bad people in the house, the feeling that someone is pulling, fastening on to the chest or neck. It prevents us from doing anything in our sleep. When we go to sleep, the signals from the brain to the muscles stop going, so we can’t move the muscles. It cause of this disorder is unknown. However, if one member of the family has this problem, other members may have it. Sleep paralysis is not harmful. However, when this happens, the person is terrified because they do not get what is happening. The problem goes away if someone makes a sound around or touches the person and the patient can move again in a minute.
There can also be many more sleep problems such as Those who do shifting duty are more prone to sleep disturbances. So from the above discussion, we understand that apart from insomnia, there are many other sleep disorders that need to be diagnosed and treated properly otherwise it can lead to serious complications in the future.