During adolescence, the hormone estrogen is secreted from the pituitary gland. At this time the girls become very depressed and anxious as a result of these hormonal differences. Brain development occurs during adolescence; That is, adolescent boys and girls do not have the power to control impulsiveness. Therefore, hormonal changes and variations that occur during adolescence cause stress in adolescents.
During adolescence, hormonal variations and other factors increase the stress of young girls. These include-
- Psychological complications about the menstrual cycle
- Menstrual irregularities: Younger girls are less likely to have menstrual cramps
- Physical problems can be caused by breast development, excess hair, possible weight gain or loss, acne, etc.
- Increases awareness of sexuality and leads to attraction towards the opposite or homosexuality; For this reason, there are restrictions on the formation of intimate relationships or there are various obstacles on the part of parents to form a love affair between their daughters.
Certain hormones regulate a woman’s menstrual cycle from puberty to menopause. During each menstrual period, a certain proportion of the three hormones, such as estrogen, progesterone and testosterone, varies. The amount of estrogen increases during the first two weeks. As a result, physical strength and mood are improved. Testosterone levels begin to rise in the second week. Increased levels of estrogen and testosterone lead to better mood and activation of libido or sexual arousal. Progesterone levels increase (estrogen decreases) in the third week. The result is laziness. Some women experience depression at this time. Estrogen levels decrease in the fourth week. This results in pain, irritability and mood swings. That is, when progesterone levels fall, women become energetic.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a symptom that occurs during a woman’s period. Many women feel tired, irritable or impatient. They cannot tolerate any kind of stress. But once menstruation starts, these discomforts slowly go away. However, most women have an increased ability to cope with this situation. Rest, good nutrition helps women control PMS.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is seen in very few women. A woman with PMDD has the following depressive symptoms before the onset of menstruation:
- Feeling too uncomfortable
- Becoming very depressed or anxious, does not feel like talking
- Not being able to control one’s feelings or getting confused as a result
- Pain in the body
- Some women have suicidal thoughts
A very small number of women are infected with PMDD. If a woman thinks that she will deal with a pre-menstrual catastrophe, she can do as she pleases, such as going out to work, attending meetings, and engaging in certain tasks. A gynecologist can be consulted about your physical condition. He may recommend keeping an eye on a woman’s mood for a few months and also keeping track of her mood every day during the menstrual cycle. As a result, menstruation can be linked to changes in women’s moods and help to solve the problem.